Thursday, 11 April 2019

What Is Killing You 1 - MENINGITIS Overview

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Introduction
What is meningitis?
Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and the spinal cord.

Some symptoms of meningitis include;
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck
- Fever
- Nausea
- Confusion or inability to concentrate
- Seizure
- Sleepiness or difficulty in waking
- Sensitivity to light
- No appetite or thirst

After knowing the symptoms of meningitis, it is also good to know what causes meningitis. The most serious cases of meningitis are caused by a bacteria.

Untreated bacterial meningitis are usually very dangerous and can result in death or permanent bran damage.

Causes Of Meningitis.

Meningitis is caused by some parasites and can range from very deadly to almost harmless depending on the cause of yhe meningitis type.

Below are the common causes of meningitis that we have known so far.

-Viruses: Viruses contribute the most common cases of meningitis. Viral meningitis is usually not very serious, sometimes, it can get better without any medical intervention.
- Fungi are also a minor cause of meningits. This should also be well noted.
- Bacteria constitute the severest cases of meningitis. A bacterial meningitis will require urgent medical treatment to prevent it from getting worse.

Preventions of meningitis.

'Prevention is better than cure' so goes a popular saying. So how can meningitis be prevented?
Prevention of meningitis is very important because it is the best way to get rid of meningitis. Meningitis can be prevented in a variety of ways, these include

- Vaccination: There are a host of meningitis vaccinations out there for a baby as they are the biggest contender of  this disease. Make sure you complete the vaccine due for your child, it helps prevent meningitis.
- Frequent handwashing: It is already widely known that handwashing is a killer of all diseases. Always try to wash your hands as often as possible as this also helps to stop the transfer of the bacteria causing meningitis.
- Cover your mouth whenever you want to cough, yawn or sneeze. Meningitis is spread by airborne droplets which are distributed excessively when you cough or sneeze!
- If you're a pregnant woman, take care with food. Cook your meat properly as this carries the bacteria sometimes, and also wash fruits and vegetables very well.

Those are the preventive measures of meningitis. Now, it's time to answer a question probably disturbing you.
"Can meningitis be treated? Or is getting meningitis the end of life?
The simple answer is that meningitis can easily be treated. If you discover any symptom or symptoms of meningitis in your body, quickly visit a doctor. You will require a medical test to confirm you actually have meningitis. If you're tested positive, the medical professional will treat you and give you the right drugs to use.

Risk Factors Of Meningitis.

Though anyone can have meningitis, it should be noted that some people are more prone to meningitis than others, you are having a high risk of meningitis if you fall into one of these categories

  • Skipping vaccinations: People who refuse to be vaccinated or deliberately skip vaccinations for their children are at great risk of developing meningitis. Parents should therefore endeavour to ensure that all the vaccinations are complete for their children.
  • Babies below the age of five years and children below the age of twenty are at a greater risk of developing the bacteria which causes meningitis. Parents should try to take good care of their wards and make sure they don't get meningitis. However, this does not mean you can't get if you're above this age.
  • Living in a community setting can also trigger your risks of getting meningitis as you can't force your neighbours to observe hygeine. You may be lucky living with neat neighbours though, but if you're simply unlucky, the best thing to do is to enlighten them on the various diseases dirtiness causes.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women must take care because they are at a great risk of developing meningitis and this may be potentially harmful for them and their unborn child. harmful to their unborn child.
  • Alcoholism: If you drink, I'm afraid you'ld soon develop meningitis because according to various reports and researches, people who drink alcohol are more prone to meningitis than those who do not.


Complications of meningitis
What are the complications you'll suffer when you get meningitis?

  • Meningitis patients may suffer partial or total hearing loss as a result of meningitis.
  • Memory difficulties or inability to remember are also common among people who have meningitis.
  • Meningitis can also result to brain damage if not promptly and properly treated.
  • Seizures.
  • Kidney failures.
  • And in severe untreated cases, death!


Good to know!

Untreated bacterial meningitis may lead to death in a few hours!

Delayed treatment increases the risk of permanent brain damage and death.

Can only be detected by medical diagnosis.

About What Is Killing You

What Is Killing You is a weekly publication of healthie.com.ng, it involves creating awareness about a particular illness. Watch out!!!

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1 comment:

I'll like to know what you think!