Menstrual Cycles: When To Start Getting Worried

"Hello Jane," Mrs. Cole spoke frantically on the phone. "Where are you?"
"At the pharmacist." Jane replied coolly.
"What for?"
"To buy some drugs for myself, mum."
"Why? Are you ill?"
"I'm having some problems with my period, mum."
"Problem?" Mrs Jane's impatience from not seeing her daughter for a whole six hours was promoted.
"Yes." Jane replied all the same. "I last saw my period thirty-two days ago," Jane stressed.
Mrs. Cole lauged ridiculously on the phone.

Yes, Mrs. Cole should just laugh at the utter ignorance of her dear daughter. Actually, Jane's little problem was not half as harmful as the steps she'd taken to check it.

So, to save my readers from ridiculous mockery like Jane, I decided to write this little article. I do hope you will enjoy reading it.

From this little article of mine, you'll learn about;
Menstrual cycle.
Irregular periods.
The time for your next period.
Causes of irregular periods.
Preventions of irregular periods.
Treatment of irregular periods.


As defined by our good secondary teachers, menstruation is the monthly flow of blood in a female, which often begins during puberty and ends at menopause. A girl is expected to get her first periods between the ages of ten to fifteen. However, it can be a bit earlier or later and this is completely normal because of individual changes.

You should be worried if you've not had your period at eighteen and I suggest you talk to your healthcare specialist or doctor.

After getting your first period, the whole thing goes in a cycle. About two weeks before another period, ovulation occurs. Ovulation is the release of eggs from the ovary, again credits to our teachers.

This egg travels through the fallopian tube into the uterus. If it is not fertilized, the egg begins to fall apart. Afterwards, the lining and egg leave a girl's body, hence menstruation.

Menstrual Cycle.

As already hinted, menstruation follows a cycle. Your monthly cycle is the number of days from the start of your period to start of the time you get it next.

To know your menstrual cycle, keep record of the day you last had your period. On the day you get your next one, count the number of days in between the two periods, this number is called your menstrual cycle.

You can also achieve the same result by marking each day after your first period on a journal or a jotter. The marks will start on the next day after the start of the period and the last mark will of course be on your next period.

Knowing your cycle is important to avoid embarrassment because you always know the time to get prepared, therefore, your menses won't catch you unawares.

Irregular Periods.

When you start taking records of your periods, you may notice that it isn't clockwork. There may be some variations in your menstrual cycle.

For example, your menstrual cycle may vary by a few days. In some people, the variations are so wide that they may be up to ten or more days different from the previous cycle.

Also, period lengths may also vary. You may bleed for three days this month and up to a week on the next. This two conditions may be totally normal, you smiled, but sometimes it is as a result of many illnesses and infections which you are going to learn about today.

There is no standard period, anytime between 22 and 40 days is okay and quite normal. Oh! Some say twenty-eight? This is just a result of some study average I suppose. It is not a must for your menses to follow this invented schedule.

But before we go into that, there are some things to know, be patient please.

Irregular periods should not be a sort of worry if it is happening to a young girl who is just starting out her periods. It is completely normal. But, if the menses fail to become regular after three years, then I think it's time to see an expert for medical checking and advice.

When you have irregular menses,it is important to know when you're going to have the next period.

How Do I Know The Time For My Next Period.

Your body gives you some signs when it is getting around time for your next period. It is important to be able to read these signs and symptoms so you won't be caught unawares when it's the time for your next period. These signs may include.
  • Headaches.
  • Acne (pimples) breakouts.
  • Uneasy, disturbed sleep.
  • Frequent mood swings.
  • Sore and heavier breasts.
  • Loose stools.
  • Back cramps and stiffness.
  • Bloating.

These can help you easily determine when next you get your period, but its also good to stay aware that these symptoms are not the same in everyone and you may have to smartly look out for yours.

Now, I think all necessary introductions are over, it's time to get into the actual reason for today's article, causes of irregular periods.

Causes Of Irregular Periods.

 1. Hormone Imbalance.

Irregular periods may be caused by hormone imbalances. Hormone imbalances may not totally stop ovulation (which causes menstruation) but may make it vary greatly from month to month.

Also some girls have extra androgen, a hormone that makes hair grow on the face, chest, chin and abdomen. This hormone can also cause weight gain and irregular periods.

 2.  Pregnancy.

This should be the first to be written, just don't know why it was relegated here. Pregnancy is not responsible for irregular periods but it stops the periods totally until the child is given birth to.

You should be more concerned if you recently had sex and your periods did not come at the presumed time. This could be pregnancy, and you may never see your periods again for the next ten months or so.

 3. Extreme Weight Loss And Eating Disorders.

Excessive or rapid weight loss can stop your period, if you become almost underweight or even underweight. You are said to be underweight if your Body Mass Index (B.M.I) is less than 18.5.

Being underweight is just as bad as being overweight because apart from stopping your periods, it may also cause a few other problems like headache, fatigue, etc.

Also rapid weight loss or losing weight without trying to do so also interferes with your periods and you should see your doctor as soon as you notice this.

Also, eating disorders may lead to the consumption of less calories thereby interfering with your period. The number of calories needed for ovulation might not be met thereby stopping or slowing down the process.

 4. Breastfeeding.


Nursing mothers may temporarily lose their menstruation or have irregular menses.

Why is this?

Prolactin is a hormone responsible for breast milk production. In the course of it's duty, prolactin may suppress the reproductive hormones causing little or no periods.

Having irregular periods due to breastfeeding? Don't worry, it'll return to normal soon after you stop breastfeeding.

 5. Thyroid Problems.

Your menses can also be affected by underactive thyroids or hypothyroidism. This cause longer and heavier flows and increased cramping. You may also experience, weight gain and sensitivity to cold.

On the contrary, overactive or high levels of thyroids (hyperthyroidism) can cause shorter and lighter periods. You may also experience sudden weight loss, swollen neck, anxiety and palpitations.
According to a 2015 study, 50 percent of women with irregular periods are having thyroid problems.

 6.  Uterine Fibroids.

Fibroids are non-cancerous muscular tumors that develop in the wall of the uterus, says our biology teacher. Most fibroids are non-cancerous (not cancer) and can range in size.

Fibroids can cause very painful and heavy periods that can even lead to anaemia. Fibroids is also associated with lots of other issues including low back pain, leg pain, pelvic pain, etc.

Fibroids can however be managed by over the counter treatment. It is also removed medically if it significantly affects your period or is leading to inability to get pregnant.

 7. Obesity.

obese man

The single quality that leads to millions of dangerous diseases, obesity!

What is obesity?
You are said to be obese if your Body Mass Index (B.M.I) is greater than 29. Which means, if you're having a body mass index of 30 or more, you are obese.

Obesity causes menstrual irregularity. It causes a great impact on insulin and hormones and we understand that hormone issues are known to cause irregular periods. These interfere with your menstrual cycle. Obesity may also be a sign of hypothyroidism.

 8. Excessive Exercising And Stress.

Missed or irregular periods will be a common incidence to endurance athletes because their excessive exercise may throw away the idea of a timed period.

Also, chronic stress or even anxiety on a small issue can cause an impact on your hormone balance, and from what you've read earlier, you should know that hormone imbalance is the major cause of irregular periods. So, from this, we deduct that stress is a direct cause of irregular or missed periods.

Possible Preventions And Treatment Of Irregular Periods.

If the periods come irregularly just a few times of the year, it is absolutely normal and you should fear nothing, but if you're still worried, there are a few things to try to see to the erring irregularity.

 1. Stress Management.

Stress management tips like meditation or yoga should be followed and utilised properly as stress has been proven to be directly linked to menstrual irregularities.

 2. Avoid Over-Exercising.

Running a marathon or doing all sorts of irregular exercises will definitely lead to irregular menses. Lack of exercise is bad for your menstrual health, and overdoing it is equally bad.
Need to do some exercise, play netball with friends or do some skipping is averagely normal for you. You can also play football or other sports but don't be too rough or you get irregular periods.

 3. Darken Your Rooms At Night.

So silly to put that here, just a story many people believe in. The reason you found it here was that the author of this story believed that there is no story that is not true. As far as darkening your rooms is not dangerous to your health, you can try it out and see if it works out for you.
The efficiency of this has not been proven though!

 4. Medications.

You tried all but doesn't work and your doctor says nothing's wrong. You're anxious and you go for medications. Oral contraceptives can be prescribed to get your period back to normal. But if you prefer the natural treatment, consider black cohash. This medicinal herb is sometimes used for menstrual irregularities and premenstrual syndrome, though scientific studies haven’t verified that black cohash is effective in this sense. Black cohash should not be used if you have any symptoms of or a past history of liver disease.

 5.  See Your Doctor!

The best and last resort.
The doctor is the last hope for the common woman. See your doctor, he knows best.
You should even consider seeing your doctor before taking any contraceptives or over the counter.
If you're having any irregularities in your periods, try talking your parents to take you to the doctor.


As a woman can not give birth to a child without menstruation, and for the ease of reproduction, menstruation should have a cycle. Every woman should keep track of her own menstrual cycle and try to keep it as regular as possible.
But if it fails to be so regular, it should be reported to a doctor and if it was confirmed to be totally normal, then there is no cause for alarm.
However, if it is abnormal, necessary treatment steps should be taken to ensure one lives a healthie and happy life.
Stay healthy!

I hope these tips helped in solving the problem of irregular period. I'll like to know your views on this post in the comment.
Thanks for reading.

Wish you a happy womanhood!

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